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 SSSC Volunteer Guide & Orientation:

SSSC Volunteer Guide

 A guide for Volunteer Activities for the

Stafford Springs Soccer Club 

Table of Contents


1.Volunteer Roles and Duties

2.SSSC Big Rules for Coaches

3.Minikicker Session Guidelines

4.Examples of Soccer Practice Activities

5.Thumbnail Rules of Soccer

SSSC Administrative Tasks



Description of Duties

Team Parent Coordinator

Coordinate schedules, pictures, fund raising, passes for a team.

Registrar, Assistant Registrar

Handle mechanics of registration and register all kids and volunteer adults with the state CJSA office.

Player Registration Events

Advertise in Journal Inquirer, Reminder, distribute school flyers.

Staff player registration events and communicate online registration.

Referee Assignor

Organize the referee program and schedule referees for all matches. This includes becoming certified with the state to learn how to appropriately assign referees.

Fund Raising Officer


Organize all fund-raising events and establish fund-raising strategy.  Examples: Uniroyal promotion, Dinner Dance, Candy Sale, etc.

Communications Officer

Publish Newsletters and Manage Web Site content


Responsible for checkbook and financial reports to the board members.

Equipment Manager

Assemble all equipment requirements and purchase equipment from appropriate sourcs (Goals, nets, balls, cones, uniforms, t-shirts, etc)

Travel Club Program

Coordinate communications and activities for the travel club coaches

Recreational Program Commissioners


A commissioner to coordinate scheduling and activities for

Under 8 (Intramurals)

Under 6 (Minikicker) for Mondays and Thursdays

Under 6 (Minikicker) for Wednesdays and Saturdays

Summer Camp Director


Late August event.  Duties include coordinating with the summer camp outfit, assisting with the registration process and camp counseler accommodations.

Player Development Officer (no PDO)

Oversee Player Development Officer activities, if we ever hire a PDO.

NE District Representative

Attend monthly Northeast District board and annual CJSA AGM


Coordinate with the photographer of choice to organize photograph taking session with each SSSC group in the Fall.

Summerfest Booth

Staff the July 4th Summerfest booth where SSSC sells Pretzels & soft drinks


SSSC: Big Rules for Coaches

Team Parents / Coaches: Thank you for volunteering to help organize a team. This one page guide is intended to help you understand the very few basic soccer objectives to keep in mind. It also includes a one page thumbnail guide to the rules of soccer.


Big Rules for SSSC Coaches

1.     Kids are here to have fun.  Keeping a positive attitude at all times and using words of encouragement goes a long way toward kids and parents having fun.

2.     Safety is essential.  All kids always wear shin guards.  No jewelry or dangerous apparel, like hard casts.  Players that fall to the ground should be continuously instructed to get up before they attempt to play the ball.  Horseplay is not good.

3.     Always take time at every practice session to kick and dribble the ball, and do so under pressure.  “Under Pressure” means with some kind of distraction going on, like a defender that is covering closely.   Less intense pressure might be kids dribbling in close quarters without losing the ball. A kid’s overall soccer skills are greatly enhanced by simply being very comfortable with these fundamentals.

4.     Positions on the field should be no more precise than forward / offense, back / defense or goalie.  All field players should always be involved in the play all over the field.  Players should attempt to keep their “shape” all around the field, attacking offensively with all players and defending defensively with all players all over the field. (Defenders shouldn’t be standing 10 yards in front of the goalie the whole game waiting for the ball to come to them.).  Further, kids this age should be given a chance to play each of the different positions at some point.

5.     All practice drills / activities should be constructed so all or most of the kids are actually participating in the activity at the same time.  Nine kids standing in line watching one or two kids do a drill is VERY BORING for those nine kids.  Nearly ALL activities can be modified in some way so that all kids can be “doing” the activity at the same time. Keeping kids busy helps their fitness, conditioning, increases the amount of time they are learning soccer and getting more comfortable with the ball.

6.     Frequent water breaks are good. Period.

7.     Use the right equipment.  Use a #3 ball for all Under 6 and Under 8 play.  Use a #4 ball for kids age 8 right up through 11years old (Under 9 thru Under 12).  Only the 12 and 13 year olds (Under 13-14) should use a #5 ball.

8.     TAKE TIME TO TALK WITH THE PARENTS; explain what your role is and what you expect of them. TEAM, Together. Everyone. Achieves. More

Minikicker Session Guidelines

Coaches and players are here to have FUN.

        Sessions should be 30 or so minutes of contrived skill activity and 30 or so minutes of scrimmage activity.

        Skill activities should:

        focus on kicking and dribbling not passing.

        include something silly (not necessarily soccer related)

        include frequent activity changes and frequent water breaks

        include lots of touches for every kid

        AVOID passing drills and AVOID kids standing in lines

        Scrimmage activity should:

        keep teams fair (5 versus 5 is optimal) -- and don’t keep score!

        not worry about positions, NO GOALIES when using the small pugg goals

        spread out over a large area (take as much space as possible for your field)

        look like bunches of kids chasing a ball

        include frequent water breaks

Coaches and players are here to have FUN.


Play It Safe!  Safety…  is no accident!

1.      Make sure kids are all wearing shin guards.

2.      Kids will fall a LOT.  Make sure kids stand up immediately when they fall.  Don’t allow kids to play the ball when they are lying on the ground.  Be very consistent.

3.      Kids will push each other, especially when it gets crowded.  Stress “no pushing” and intervene when it gets very crowded " kick ball to opposite end of field, for example.

4.      Kids that continue to push should be asked to sit for a while.

5.      Kids that slide to the ground frequently should be encouraged to stay on their feet.

6.      When kids get hurt, it is ok to let them take a break until they feel like going back in.  Let the rest of the kids keep/resume playing once you get the injured player safely away from the action.

7.      Players cannot use their hands.  It hurts to get kicked in the hands or to get stepped on.

Play It Safe!  Safety…  is no accident!



1.      The group director will have a first aid kit and some extra equipment each session.

2.      Please set up portable goals and secure them each session.




Activity Suggestions

General: Emphasize kicking, dribbling and running in all activities.  Keep activities very basic and simple to understand.  Encourage energy around the ball.  If anything is too hard, either simplify it or move onto something else.  Attention spans are not long in any case.  Activities should be structured so all or many kids are participating at once. Kids standing in line watching one shoot the ball is VERY BORING.


Basic Fundamentals:

1.      One on One: Two kids, one ball and one cone.  Kid with ball tries to score by hitting the cone.  The other defends.  Instantly switch offense/defense.  Emphasize winning control of the loose ball anywhere on the field.  This should be very tiring for the kids if done correctly.

2.      Long kicks:  Simply pair up two kids with a ball and take long kicks, with either foot for 5-10 minutes.  Try to match kids with similar kicking strength.  Kids should always control the ball before kicking and kick a moving ball.

3.      Dribbling: Each kid with a ball, and dribble in a confined area. Introduce distractions.  Keep kids moving and look for comfortable touches and no collisions.


Fun Games:

  1. Knock Down Cones " Coaches set up cones.  Every kid has a ball.  Have kids kick ball to knock down cones.  Coaches race to set them back up while kids continue to try to knock down every cone at once.
  2. Knock Out " Every kid has a ball in an enclosed, marked area.  Kids move ball around the area trying to kick other balls out while keeping their own ball inside the area.  Ball out of the area (or three times out of the area) means that kids sits on the perimeter.  Last one in wins.
  3. Red Light, Green Light " Kids line up and coach is a distance away facing away.  Kids dribble toward coach on green light and must stop on red light.
  4. Character square "Mark a square area.  Assign each side of the square a name of some character the kids know.  (Let the kids pick the characters.)  Coach calls out a character and kids have to dribble their ball to the line marking that side of the square and stop the ball on the line.
  5. Relay Races " Two or three teams in a short line take turns dribbling one ball per team up and back in a team race.
  6. Cone dribbling " Set up a small course using cones or parents or both for the kids to dribble through.  If you don’t let the return trip follow the same route you can send one kid off, then another after the first gets out a few cones, etc. This lets every kid participate at once.
  7. Punt the ball from hands " Have the kids pick up the ball with their hands, drop it and punt it before it hits the ground.  While this is really goalie practice, it is a good skill to develop coordination and also can be done at home. Try with either foot.
  8. Long Kicks " Match up kids that can kick about the same distance and let the kids just kick back and forth as far and hard as they can.  The objective is to strengthen their legs and learn to kick hard with either foot.  Try to spend five minutes on this one every session.
  9. Follow the Leader " kids take turns dribbling and are encouraged to do something creative or silly while doing so.

Thumbnail Rules of Soccer

Ball in play " when any part of the ball is inside of or touching the perimeter line around the field.  I.E. On the line is “IN”, and the line extends straight up in an imaginary plane.

Goal is scored " when all of the ball passes over all of the line between the goal posts and under the cross bar.  The team that scores the most goals wins.  A tie is a tie " no overtimes unless it is a special tourney.

Penalty area " large area in front of the goal includes the larger of the two rectangles. This is where the goalie can touch the ball with his hands.  The arc at the top of this area is not part of the penalty area.

Throw in " How the ball is put into play when it leaves the field of play at the sidelines.  The ball must be released using two hands, over the head of the thrower, and with both feet on the ground upon release.  The team that touches the ball last when it leaves the field “surrenders” the throw " in " i.e. the opposing team takes the throw-in.

Goal Kick " How the ball is put into play when the offensive team last touches a ball that goes out of play over the end line.  The goal kick is taken from the smaller box in the penalty area (this box is called the goal box) and must leave the penalty area before anybody can touch it.

Corner Kick " How the ball is put into play when the defensive team last touches a ball that goes out of play over the end line.  The corner kick is taken from the corner.  A goal can be scored directly from a corner kick.

Kick off " How the ball is put into play to start a half or quarter and after a goal is scored against you.  The ball is placed at the center of the field and must be played forward.  All defensive players must stay outside the center circle until the ball is first played.

Fouls " There are two kinds of fouls in soccer. One kind results in the opposing team taking a direct free kick.  A direct free kick is one in which the offensive team can shoot and score directly from the kick.  Fouls that result in a direct free kick are generally the physical fouls, including tripping, kicking, pushing, charging, holding, jumping at, handball, etc.  The other kind of fouls results in the opposing team taking an indirect free kick.  An indirect free kick (IFK) must be touched by one other player on either team before it can legally enter the goal.  Offsides, dangerous play, obstruction and getting a yellow card caution are fouls that result in an IFK.

Offsides " This is the hardest rule to understand in soccer, and maybe any sport. An offensive player ahead of the ball and in his offensive end of the field is in an offsides position if he does not have at least two players between him and the goal. Then, a player is judged offsides if his teammate plays the ball to him while he is in an offsides position.  The judgment is made precisely when the teammate actually passes the ball.  The player must also be what they call “interfering with play”, which means he is consciously involved with the play and trying to get the ball and score in order to be judged offsides. In any case, if a player is not offsides when the ball is played but then runs behind the second last defender while the ball is in flight (common example that is misunderstood), the player is NOT offsides.  And you cannot be offsides if you receive a ball directly from a throw in (just a rule) or corner kick.

Penalty Kick " A foul committed in the penalty area by the defensive team that would result in a direct free kick is taken as a penalty kick.  The penalty kick is taken at the penalty spot " a spot halfway between the goal box and the penalty box straight in front of the goal.  All players except the goalie and kicker must be outside the penalty area and penalty arc upon taking of the kick.  The kicker must wait for the referee’s whistle to take the kick and cannot touch it more than once until it is touched by another player (if this point blank shot does not go in).

Other " Players cannot use their hands or arms on the ball anywhere on the field " ok to do so for throw ins which are taken from off the field.  The goalie cannot use their hands outside the penalty area.  Slide tacking from behind (at the players heels specifically) is a foul penalized by a direct free kick and sometimes a yellow caution (dangerous) or red send off (serious foul play).

Volunteer Orientation.pdf